Tibet is a small country located between China and India. High in the Himalayan mountain range, it is nicknamed “The Roof of the World”.
In 1950 China occupied Tibet after the communists gained control of mainland China. In 1959 the Tibetans mounted an unsuccessful revolt based on fears that the Chinese were going to kidnap the Dalai Lama and take him to Beijing. He had been invited to a theatrical performance and told he must come alone. On March 10 loyal Tibetans surrounded his palace and fighting broke out between the Chinese and the Tibetans.
The Dalai Lama was evacuated to India but the Chinese slaughtered tens of thousands of Tibetans. The Dalai Lama has long maintained a sanctuary in the foothills of the Himalayas and many Tibetans evacuated with him.